STATUS OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION OF TAIWAN
Kang-Ping Lin, Mei-Fen Chen
Chung-Yuan Christian University, Taiwan
The development of biomedical engineering (BME) education in Taiwan is very flourishing. The first BME department, which was established in 1972, has more than 40 years history. There are 8 universities having established undergraduate departments, 18 universities providing master programs, and 8 universities having Ph.D. programs. Every year, there are around 700 students graduating from BME education institutes, and 60% of whom obtaining a bachelor degree, 35% of whom obtaining a master degree, and 5% of whom obtaining a Ph.D. degree.
Professionals involved in BME education are around 270 persons, including full-time faculty members (60%), and part-time experts (40%). Specialty and research topics for the faculty members and experts, including Biomedical Electronics (21%), Biomaterial (16%), Biomechanics (14%), Biomedical information (7%), Biomedical Image (12%) and others (30%). Regarding curriculum, bachelor education goal is to train students having basic knowledge of BME techniques, pragmatic working attitudes and capability to solve problems. For BS degree, students are trained to have medical and engineering ethical spirit, capability to analyze and organizational skills, and international outlook. In order to meet the needs of BME industry, most BME departments cooperate with hospitals and medical device companies to provide internship training programs, which helps undergraduate students obtain the concept of future employment market to prepare the required skills and capability in advance. Furthermore, the BME education system coordinate with the certification mechanism of biomedical engineers conducted by Taiwanese Society of Biomedical Engineering (TSBME), so the talent of BME field can be trained with a complete cultivation, training and validation system. Over the past 40 years, the curriculum contents of biomedical medical education have been changed dramatically. With the transformation of social structures, the development of science and technology, long-term care, assistive device and precision medicine will be important issues in BME education.